Gaucher Dec 2022 Top

Kaddish in a Leap Year

Speaker:
Ask author
Date:
Jun 12, 2005
Downloads:
3
Views:
169
Comments:
0
 
The Talmud teaches that evildoers are sentenced to gehinnom for twelve months. Accordingly, as the Rama (Yoreh Deah 376:4) points out, one recites kaddish for a parent for eleven months, so as not to create the impression that the parent is presumed to be evil. This ruling thus creates a question as to whether an adjustment should be made for a leap year, which is thirteen months long. R. Natan Gestetner (Resp. L’Horot Natan, I, 52) observes that since the statement speaks in terms of months, twelves months is taken to mean exactly that, and not a way of indicating “a year”. This is reflected in the ruling of the Shulchan Arukh (C.M. 312:15) that if one rents a house for a year, and that year becomes a leap year, the renter gains an extra month; but if the lease is expressed in terms of months, the renter does not gain any time from the leap year. Thus, no adjustment in Kaddish would be made.

R. Gestetner notes that a question can be raised against this ruling based on the fact that the Mishnah (Eduyot 2:10) that records the sentence of evildoers cites the verse (Yeshayahu 66:23) “And it shall come to pass, that from one new moon to another”. As noted by the Ra’avad and the Tos. Santz, this suggests that the punishment begins on one date of a month and concludes on that same date of the same month the next time around. Thus, it would appear that the reference is to an actual year, and therefore thirteen months in a leap year. However, R. Gestetner dismisses this question, finding it improbable that the creation of a leap year on Earth would necessitate a longer period of punishment for those who have already left the Earth.

Series: Daf Yomi

Gemara:

References: Shabbat: 33b Rosh Hashana: 17a 

More from this:
Comments
0 comment
Leave a Comment
Title:
Comment:
Anonymous: 

Learning on the Marcos and Adina Katz YUTorah site is sponsored today by Steven and Malka Miretzky and Family in memory of their mother & grandmother, Zita Miretzky (Sarah bas Tzvi Hirsch) on her sixth yahrzeit and by the Cohen, Kraut and Silver families in memory of Elaine Bienenfeld Silver z”l and by the Gittleman family for a refuah shleimah for Chaya Breindel bas Miriam and anonymously in honor of the YUTorah team